Upon reference by a Hungarian court (Budapesti II. és III. kerületi bíróság) the ECJ decided on Nov. 12, 2010 that a national court must investigate of its own motion whether a term conferring exclusive territorial jurisdiction in a contract concluded between a seller or supplier and a consumer, which is the subject of a dispute before it, falls within the scope of Directive 93/13 and, if it does, assess of its own motion whether such a term is unfair.As regards the first stage of the examination to be carried out by the national court, it appears from Article 1 in conjunction with Article 3 of the Directive that it applies to any term conferring exclusive territorial jurisdiction which was not individually negotiated appearing in a contract concluded between a seller or supplier and a consumer. The national court must thus, in all cases and whatever the rules of its domestic law, determine whether or not the contested term was individually negotiated between a seller or supplier and a consumer.As regards the second stage of that examination, it must be found that the contractual term which is the subject of the dispute in the main proceedings provides, as the referring court states, for the exclusive territorial jurisdiction of a court which is not the court in whose jurisdiction the defendant lives or the one with jurisdiction for the place where the applicant has its registered office but the one which is situated close to the registered office of the applicant both geographically and in terms of transport links. It must be observed that the term which the national court is examining in the main proceedings, like a term whose purpose is to confer jurisdiction in respect of all disputes arising under the contract on the court in the territorial jurisdiction of which the seller or supplier has his principal place of business, obliges the consumer to submit to the exclusive jurisdiction of a court which may be a long way from his domicile. This may make it difficult for him to enter an appearance.ECJ Judgement in Case C‑137/08 – VB Pénzügyi Lízing Zrt. v. Ferenc Schneider available here>>.