Michael Wukoschitz's blog

Michael Wukoschitz's picture

Austria: Constitutional Court upholds ban on 'best price' clauses for online hotel booking portals

Effecitve by January 1, 2017, an amendment to the Austrian Unfair Competition Act (UWG) introduced a ban on 'best price' clauses for hotel booking portals. These clauses were qualified as an agressive business practice. According to such clauses, a hotel operator who wanted to sell rooms through online portals had to accept not to offer these rooms for a lower price or at more favourable conditions though any other distribution channel including the hotel's own website.

Michael Wukoschitz's picture

U.S. Court: mental anguish compensable under Montreal Convention if it results from an accident that also caused bodily injury

Plaintiff Jane Doe and her eleven-year-old daughter flew aboard Etihad Airways from Abu Dhabi to Chicago. When she stuck her hand into the seat pocket in front of her, she was unexpectedly pricked by a hypodermic needle that lay hidden within. The needle drew blood from her finger.  Doe was prescribed medication for possible exposure to hepatitis, tetanus, and HIV, and she underwent several rounds of testing over the following year. Thankfully for Doe, all the tests came back negative.

Michael Wukoschitz's picture

CJEU: airline crew members can sue their employer at their "home base"

Ryanair and Crew link are companies established in Ireland. Ryanair is active in the international passenger air transport sector. Crewlink is specialised in the recruitment and training of cabin crew for airlines. Between 2009 and 2011, employees of Portuguese, Spanish and Belgian nationality were hired by Ryanair or by Crewlink, then assigned to Ryanair, as cabin crew (air hostesses and stewards ).

Michael Wukoschitz's picture

Austrian Supreme Court: sporting operator not liable for banana boat accident

In August 2013, the plaintiff who spent his holidays at an Austrian lake booked a "banana boat ride" operated by the defendant. Before mounting the "banana", the participants were instructed that the banana was likely to capsize and they should cling on tight.  During the ride which was operated in an accurate manner and at reasonable speed the banana, indeed, capsized and the plaintiff was seriously injured on his head probably because he collided with another passenger's body.

Michael Wukoschitz's picture

CJEU decides on disclosure of air ticket price components and cancellation fees

A German Consumer Association (Bundesverband der Verbraucherzentralen und Verbraucherverbände) made a test booking on Air Berlin’s website and found that the taxes, charges and fees applicable to the ticket were indicated as being only 1 Euro or 3 Euro while the real taxes, charges and fees must have been much higher. The Consumer Association regarded this practice as misleading.

Michael Wukoschitz's picture

Australia: hotel occupier liable for fall at raised timber platform in the lobby

Shortly before midday on 19 June 2009 the plaintiff tripped over the corner of a raised timber platform in the lobby area of the Manly Pacific Hotel. As a result he suffered injuries to his neck, right shoulder and back. That relatively dark timber platform was a permanent structure in the hotel lobby and was positioned to the right side of the walkway to the main bar area, the entrance to which was on the left hand side of the foyer area. It was rectangular in shape – 1770 mm wide, 2625 mm long and 151 mm in height.

Michael Wukoschitz's picture

USA: 9th Circuit Court of Appeal upholds block on "Travel Ban"

In a unanimous, per curiam ruling, a three-judge panel largely upheld the block on President Trump’s revised Travel Ban keeping people from six majority-Muslim nations from entering the United States for 90 days. The judges pointed out that although the Immigration and Nationality Act (“INA”) gives the President broad  powers to control the entry of aliens, and to take actions to protect the American public, immigration, even for the President, is not a one-person show. The President’s authority is subject to certain statutory and constitutional restraints .

Michael Wukoschitz's picture

Brazilian courts to apply Montreal Convention, finally?

According to an article published on "Lexology", on May 25, 2017  the Brazilian Supreme Federal Tribunal has passed a judgement which acknowledges the application of the Montreal Convention in international air transport cases. Although Brazil is party to the Warsaw and the Montreal Convention which both provide for their exclusivity, Brazilian courts have been rather reluctant in applying these conventions and tended to give precedence to national law, in particular the Brazilian Consumer Defence Code.

Michael Wukoschitz's picture

CJEU Advocate General: Uber can be required to obtain the necessary licences under national law

In 2014 the Asociación Profesional Elite Taxi (‘Elite Taxi’), a professional organisation representing taxi drivers in the city of Barcelona, brought an action before Commercial Court No 3 in Barcelona asking the court, inter alia, to impose penalties on the Spanish company Uber Systems Spain SL (‘Uber Spain’), a company belonging to a group managing the Uber platform, for engaging in unfair competition towards Elite Taxi’s drivers. In particular, Elite Taxi maintained that Uber Spain is not entitled to provide the UberPop service in the city of Barcelona.

Michael Wukoschitz's picture

Germany: no free termination of package contract because of voided passports

The plaintiff had booked a holiday package to the U.S. organized by the defendant. She was supposed to travel to the U.S. together with her husband and her daughter on May 19, 2013. In January 2013 she applied for new passports for her daughter and herself which were issued and sent to her accordingly. However, as the authorties did not receive any confirmation of delivery, it was assumed that the passports had got lost and therefore they were declared void. However, no information was provided to the plaintiff.

Pages

X