In its so called "Sturgeon" judgement (joined cases C-402/07 and C-432/07) the CJEU had extended the air carriers' obligation to pay compensation to passengers who reached their final destination only 3 hrs or more after the scheduled arrival time even if their flight wasn't cancelled but only delayed. Upon reference for preliminary ruling filed by a German Regional Court (LG Köln), the Court has now decided that there is no contradiction between the "Sturgeon" judgement and the principle of separation of powers.
In another motion for preliminary ruling regarding Regulation 261/2004 (EC) on Air Passenger Rights, a German court seeks further clarification of the right of a passenger to receive compensation in case of a long delay.
The plaintiff was booked on a flight from Palma de Mallorca to Munich on Oct. 10, 2011. The flight was delayed more than 25 hrs. The plaintiff, however, did not take the delayed flight but was rebooked to an earlier alternative flight which resulted into a delyed arrival of 5 hrs less.
The EU Regulation 1371/2007 on rail passengers’ rights and obligations provides that a passenger who is facing a delay of one hour or more may request a partial refund of the ticket price from the railway company. This compensation is a minimum of 25% of the ticket price for delays of one hour to 119 minutes and a minimum of 50% for delays of two hours or more.
Mrs Folkerts held a reservation to fly from Bremen (Germany) to Asunción (Paraguay), via Paris (France) and São Paulo (Brazil). The departure of the flight from Bremen to Paris, operated by the company Air France, was delayed and the aircraft took off with a delay of approximately two and a half hours beyond the scheduled departure time.
In the event of cancellation of a flight, the air carrier is obliged, under Reg. 261/2004/EC, to provide care to passengers as well as to provide compensation. As regards the obligation to provide care, the air carrier must provide free of charge, in light of the waiting time, refreshments, meals and, where appropriate, hotel accommodation and transport between the airport and place of accommodation, as well as means of communication with third parties.
The Montreal Convention provides that an air carrier must pay compensation to each passenger, limited to 1 000 Special Drawing Rights (‘SDRs’) per passenger, in the event of the loss of his baggage during a flight operated by the carrier or while the baggage was in the carrier’s charge. The carrier must provide passengers with an identification tag for each piece of checked baggage.
The (privately owned) railway undertaking Westbahn Management GmbH operates passenger rail transport services on the Vienna-Salzburg line in Austria. State owned ÖBB-Infrastruktur AG is the railway infrastructure manager in Austria and manages the major part of the Austrian rail network, including the Vienna-Salzburg line. It has at its disposal real-time data on the positions of all trains operating on the Austrian rail network it manages. The data is communicated to the various railway undertakings where it concerns those undertakings’ trains.
The "EU Air Passenger Rights Regulation" (Reg, [EC] 261/2004) affords air passengers a right to compensation according to the distance and destination of their cancelled flight, unless the cancellation is caused by extraordinary circumstances. However, it does not specify any time-limit for bringing actions for compensation.