Cases

Michael Wukoschitz's picture

German court requests ECJ preliminary ruling with regard to passport data

The German Verwaltungsgerichtshof Baden-Württemberg has filed a reference for preliminary ruling to the ECJ regarding interpretation of Regulation (EC) No 2252/2004 on standards for security features and biometrics in passports and travel documents issued by Member States. The reference includes the following questions:

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UK: OFT consults on proposed hotel booking commitments

The UK Office of Fair Trading (OFT) opened a consultation on commitments proposed by Booking.com B.V. (Booking.com), Expedia Inc (Expedia) and InterContinental Hotels Group plc (IHG), designed to address its competition concerns in relation to the online offering of room only hotel accommodation bookings by Online Travel Agents (OTAs).

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Canada: Federal Court of Appeal decides on exclusivity of Montreal Convention liabiliy rules

Pursusant to the Official Languages Act, Canadians have the right to communicate with federal institutions in either of the two official languages English and French. Air Canada is subject to this act and therefore must provide services in both official languages.

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German Supreme Court asks ECJ for interpretation of article 12 of Reg. 261/2004

In a recent reference for ECJ preliminary ruling, the German Supreme Court (BGH) has asked for an interpreation of article 12 of the Air Passenger Rights Regulation 261/2004. This article provides that the Regulation shall apply without prejudice to a passenger's rights to further compensation but that the compensation granted under this Regulation may be deducted from such further compensation.

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Austrian Supreme Court: "bad weather" not enough to release air carrier from compensation for cancellation

In a recently published decision, the Austrian Supreme Court has held that although bad weather can be an indication for "extraordinary circumstances" but doesn't itself constitute such circumstances. The carrier has to prove that despite adverse weather conditions it took all reasonable measures to avoid a flight cancellation. Such measures could include re-routing of the flight to another airport close by or postponing the flight to wait for an improvement of weather conditions.

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Italy: OTAs succeed against Ryanair over website access

With decision No. 7825/2013 of June 4, 2013, the Court of Milan has held that Ryanair’s refusal to grant access to its database and booking procedures to an online travel agency was an abuse of its dominant market position. Ryanair's General Conditions for the use of its website interdicted any access for commercial purposes an thus excluded OTAs from intermediation business. The court ruled that Ryanair has to allow OTAs access to its database and booking procedures.

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Austrian Supreme Court: ticket office must disclose commission

The defendant runs a ticket office which sells theater and concert tickets through the internet. In the course of the online booking process, the website showed the total price of the respective ticket and the information "ticket price includes booking fee and VAT". Only the General Conditions of Contract contained the information that the booking fee/commission ammounted to 25 percent of the net ticket price.

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USA: DOT fines Delta for violating Denied Boarding Rules

The U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) assessed a civil penalty against Delta Air Lines for violating federal rules protecting passengers who are denied boarding against their will, or “bumped,” on oversold flights.  DOT fined Delta USD 750,000 and ordered the airline to cease and desist from further violations.

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German court asks ECJ to clarify offsetting rules in Air Passenger Rights Regulation

A German Regional Court, the "Landgericht Frankfurt am Main", has filed a reference for preliminary ruling to the European Court of Justice asking for interpretation of article 12 of Reg. 261/2004/EC as follows:

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Austria: Supreme Court decides on travel insurance

In a recent judgement, the Austrian Supreme Court (OGH) has held that an insurance company which has issued an insurance policy covering cancellation fees of a traveller in case of illness or injury cannot deny payment based on gross negligence of the traveller if the letter was injured in a car accident in which he did not have his sealtbelt fastened. Alhough the obligation to fasten seatbelts is important in car traffic, a violation of same only constitutes slight negligence and does therfore not relieve the insurance company from payment.

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